There are a wide range of causes for TMJ pain; in fact, doctors are still researching TMJ dysfunction to better understand it. In many of the patients that we treat, more than one factor is responsible for TMJ pain.
- Jaw trauma (such as from an accident, sports injury, assault, fall, or car crash).
- Jaw dislocation.
- An improper bite.
- Clenching or grinding your teeth (caused by nervous habits, stress, or anxiety).
- Psychological issues, such as stress or anxiety, that cause muscle tension.
- Neuromuscular imbalances.
- Inflammatory and connective tissue disease.
- Growth and developmental problems.
Some research suggests that TMJ disorders could have a genetic component or that female hormones could play a role in TMJ pain, since the majority of sufferers are women.