What are the causes of TMJ pain?

There are a wide range of causes for TMJ pain; in fact, doctors are still researching TMJ dysfunction to better understand it. In many of the patients that we treat, more than one factor is responsible for TMJ pain.

  • Jaw trauma (such as from an accident, sports injury, assault, fall, or car crash).
  • Jaw dislocation.
  • An improper bite.
  • Clenching or grinding your teeth (caused by nervous habits, stress, or anxiety).
  • Psychological issues, such as stress or anxiety, that cause muscle tension.
  • Arthritis.
  • Neuromuscular imbalances.
  • Inflammatory and connective tissue disease.
  • Growth and developmental problems.

Some research suggests that TMJ disorders could have a genetic component or that female hormones could play a role in TMJ pain, since the majority of sufferers are women.